Self-Concept, Depression, Anxiety and Stress among women: The effects of Behavioral Exercise Therapy, Exercise Therapy and Harmony Stimulation

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran

2 1Department of Clinical Psychology, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran<br/>2PhD, Department of Clinical Psychology, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin,

3 PhD, Department of Clinical Psychology, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran

10.30483/rijm.2019.249718.0

Abstract

Background: The mental health of women with overweight is at a higher risk comparing with women without overweight. Objectives: The present study aims to examine the effect of behavioral exercise therapy, exercise therapy and harmony stimulation on self-concept, depression, anxiety and stress among obese women in Tehran, 2017. Materials and Methods: The method was semi-experimental, pre-test and post-test with control group design. The population of the study consisted of women aged 20 years and older (not more than 40 years) in Tehran's tenth province. Convenience sampling method was used and the statistical sample included 40 persons. The therapy consisted of behavioral exercise therapy, exercise therapy and harmony stimulation in 10 sessions around 1 hour (only for the experimental group). Data collection was done based on Beck's self-concept questionnaire and DASS (Depression, Anxiety and Stress) scale. The data analysis (descriptive and inferential) was conducted by SPSS20 software. Results: The results showed the therapies were effective on depression, anxiety and stress in obese women. Moreover, the self- concept of women with obesity increased after the therapies (p < 0.05). Conclusion: It can be settled that the mental health of women with obesity can be changed by behavioral exercise therapy and exercise therapy.

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