Comparison of the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment-based therapy and compassion-focused therapy on the quality of life of mothers with gestational diabetes

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. student, Department of Management, UAE Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dubai, UAE.

2 Department of Psychology, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran.

3 Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Alborz, Iran.

10.30483/rijm.2021.254151.1006

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment-based therapy and compassion-focused therapy on the quality of life of mothers with gestational diabetes.
Methods: The research method is quasi-experimental with pre-test-post-test-three-group follow-up. The statistical population of the study was all pregnant mothers who referred to Milad Hospital in Tehran in 2019, who were diagnosed with gestational diabetes. In order to form three groups using purposive sampling method (considering the inclusion and exit criteria), 45 patients were selected and then randomly divided into three groups of 15 (acceptance and commitment therapy, compassionate treatment and group Witness) were assigned. Forman and Herbert (2008) acceptance and commitment group training, and Gilbert (2007) self-compassion training were performed for the second experimental group. Also, a three-month follow-up phase was performed on all three groups. The research tool was the quality of life of the World Health Organization (1986). Data analyzed by repeated measure analysis of variance and spss.22.
Results: The results showed that acceptance and commitment therapy and compassion-focused therapy had a significant effect on improving the quality of life in mothers with gestational diabetes (p <0.001).
Conclusion: As a result, acceptance and commitment therapy has a greater impact on the quality of life of mothers with gestational diabetes than compassion-focused therapy.

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