Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Belief of Medical Students towards AIDS Prevention and Transmission in Mashhad, Iran
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Corresponding author: Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam, Assistant Professor of Community Medicine, Community Medicine Department and Public Health, School of Medicine,
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9155084676, Fax: +98-5138002385, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Shabnam Niroumand , Assistant Professor of Community Medicine, Department of educational Development, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran
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Background: Iran is estimated to have about 73000 (50000-130000) people living with human immune deficiency virus (HIV) by end of 2015. Medical students are of special emphasis in agenda setting against Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the Knowledge, attitudes and practice of medical students to HIV/AIDS.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students in Mashhad, Iran in a six-month period at the second half of the year 2016. Stratified cluster random sampling technique was used to select 202 students in 4 courses of medical education. The world health organization’s instrument was used for assessing knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about HIV/AIDS. One way ANOVA or Kruskal wallis test were used for data analysis.
Results: The mean age of the subjects was 22.31+2.97 years. Most of them were male (65.7%) and 77.4% were single. Medical students had almost good general knowledge about HIV/AIDS. 28.9-98% answered correctly to this section. In transmission knowledge section there were some misconceptions about the routes of transmission and 15.6-98.5% answered correctly. The majority of students had positive attitudes toward HIV/AIDS, 74-98.2% of respondents answered correctly to this section. Overall 56-98% of students responded correctly to different beliefs domain questions. There were significant differences in mean knowledge score between four different courses of medical education (P=0.004).
Conclusion: Findings indicated a statistically significant betterment in some aspect in knowledge, attitude and belief toward HIV/AIDs, but it was expected that final year medical students had more correct information, a fact not indicated in this study.
Keywords: Attitude, Belief, HIV/AIDS, Knowledge, Medical Student
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